The Rose Cross is the central symbol to all groups embracing the Esoteric Christian philosophy of the Rosicrucians.[1 ][2 ]
The Rose Cross is, as its name suggests, a cross with a white rose at its centre.[3 ]
The Rosy Cross is also a Rosicrucian symbol found in some
Masonic Christian bodies[4 ] and employed
by individuals and groups formed during the last centuries for the study of Rosicrucianism and allied
subjects,[5 ] but derived
from the adoption of a red rose.
A modern form of the Rosie Cross is found in a Rosicrucian Christian symbol that places a
crown of red roses ennobling a white rose at the centre of the cross;[6 ] the symbol
of the fraternity that has prepared a great lodge for the Brethren to be gathered.[7 ]
- ^ German language original: 'Die Bruderschaft des
Ordens der Rosenkreuzer', Fama Fraternitatis, 1614 [in circulation ca.
1610]; 'Bruderschaft Rosenkreuz', Confessio Fraternitatis, 1615
- ^ Max Heindel, Christian Rosenkreuz and the Order of Rosicrucians, 1909 [1908-1919]
^ Albert Pike,
Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, XXX: Knight Kadosh,
p. 822, 1872 :
"Commentaries and studies have been multiplied upon the Divine Comedy, the work of DANTE, and
yet no one, so far as we know, has pointed out its especial character. (...) His Hell is but a negative
Purgatory. His Heaven is composed of a series of Kabalistic circles, divided by a cross, like the
Pantacle of Ezekiel. In the centre of this cross blooms a rose, and we see the symbol of the Adepts of
the Rose-Croix for the first time publicly expounded and almost categorically explained."
- Dante Alighieri, The Divine Comedy, Paradiso, Canto
XXXI, ca. 1308-1321:
"In fashion then as of a snow-white rose
Displayed itself to me the saintly host,
Whom Christ in his own blood had made his bride,"
- ^ See image The "18° Knight of the Rose Croix" degree of
the Scottish Rite
- ^ See image Rosy Cross lamen of the
Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn
- ^ See image The Rosicrucian Fellowship
- ^ See image The Ecclesia (portico)